Exhibit X

Islamic Geometry-Based Moon-Period Calendar and Interaction Design

Issue: XXX.3 May + June 2023
Page: 8
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Anuradha Reddy

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Shocked by the recent overturning of Roe v. Wade by the U.S. Supreme Court, people who menstruate worldwide were advised to back up, delete, and hide their period data from mobile apps, doctors, and partners—data that could incriminate people for exercising privacy around fetal viability and their right to abortion. And just like that, decades of struggle and hard-earned progress is replaced by profound fears of patriarchal state control over female bodies. I am angry and I cannot let the stifling narratives about periods and the predictive data practices around them define how I visualize and perceive my body's rhythms. Menstrual rhythms, which are as mundane as the moon as it cycles through its phases, have once again become a thing to be suppressed, go unmarked, and not exist unless they serve a reproductive purpose.

Menstrual rhythms have once again become a thing to be suppressed.

Raised in South India, I am not unfamiliar with hushed period-tracking etiquettes. They are passed down from grandmothers to mothers to daughters and between girlfriends and cousins, each offering advice about the myriad ways of tracking menstrual cycles. My cousins, for instance, are accustomed to following religious lunar calendars. If a religious day (e.g., a no moon day) coincides with their menstrual cycles, they refrain from worshipping on those days, which helps them keep track. At the same time, for the closest family members, it is noticeable when, on occasion, mothers and daughters don't join a routine temple visit or set foot in the kitchen (considered sacred). Even if one were excused from doing household chores with the intention to give rest to the menstruating body, my younger self found this familial custom conservative and biased. I did everything to hide my period and avoid being in my family's gaze. Thank you, period-tracking mobile apps, I thought.

A printed circuit board for visualizing moon phases and a menstruation cycle. The board's design consists of LEDs arranged in Islamic geometry patterns with circular units in a 6x5 grid (30 units). Some LED units are lit to show the moon phases in purple and menstruation days in pinkish red. Seeing my period days overlap with the moon phases on a visual matrix gives me a sense of when my next cycle will arrive. In this image, my period coincides with the third quarter of the moon, so I predict my future cycle happening a row above it, approximating near the next full moon. This way, I use my self-knowledge to reprogram the calendar and prepare for the following months' cycles. Accuracy is not crucial, as I'm the only person programming and using the device, in the privacy of my home.
A zoomed-in view of the 10-pointed Islamic geometry star pattern on the printed circuit board. The board has a purple solder mask, white silkscreen and gold in the centre for illumination. The Islamic pattern on the circuit board is based on a 10-pointed star grid (one LED for each star) made with a purple solder mask, white silk screen, and gold-plating for decorative illumination. The 10-pointed star pattern is borrowed from a book I found in my late grandfather's dusty old library when I last visited my parents in India (Islamic Designs for Artists and Craftspeople by Eva Wilson, Dover Publications).
ins03.gif A code snippet for a single month's tracking

Fast-forward to the present. How did we end up in a situation where having (or not having) a period puts menstruating bodies at the risk of legal prosecution, driven by the same technologies that benefit some of us with privacy from surveillant household traditions? Certainly I am not suggesting a return to how it was, but I believe there are more-than-human values in the lunar calendar example waiting to be explored in the entanglements between different data, bodies, and naturally occurring cycles. Even still, I would like my period data to be local, private, and undisclosed to those who can cause harm by making decisions about what I'm (not) allowed to access and do with my body and its data.

A printed circuit board (PCB) with LEDs arranged in an Islamic geometry pattern repeating in a 6x5 grid. The printed circuit board is made by the Swedish company Solder Party. Each circular unit of 10 LEDs is programmed as a single unit. There are 30 units in total (6" x 5" grid) for 30 days in a month (lunar months always alternate between 29 and 30 days).
The back side of the printed circuit board consists of a 3D-printed stand made with purple PLA for the board to lean on. The stand holds the RP 2040 Stamp Round Carrier board connected to the main board. The calendar uses the RP2040 Stamp Round Carrier board with CircuitPython to program the LEDs in delectable twilight colors (#330019, period; #190033, moon).

I decided to experiment with a data visualization project of a moon phase and period-tracking calendar based on Islamic geometry patterns. Playing with Islamic geometry's cyclical and geometric elements has made it a joy to speculate on my body's rhythms and the moon's cycles each month through making and coding, the process for which I describe here. I also point out that I'm not pursuing any pseudo-theory that syncs moon phases with menstrual cycles. But it's interesting to put the two cycles next to each other and marvel at them, individually and together!

Stamp Round Carrier: https://lectronz.com/products/rp2040-stamp-round-carrier CircuitPython: https://circuitpython.org/ Islamic Designs for Artists and Craftspeople: https://www.amazon.com/Islamic-Designs-Artists-Craftspeople-Pictorial/dp/048625819X

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Anuradha Reddy is an interdiscipLinary researcher living in Sweden. Her research combines interaction design with data technologies, creativity, and making/hacking. She is passionate about collaborative design processes that build capability in everyday users for tooling and grassroots innovation. Her recent creations tackle contemporary data technologies through craftivist and critical-making design practice. [email protected]

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