In 1980, when I was a college student, I heard Nicholas Negroponte speak about the future of computing. What stood out most was his model of convergence. Negroponte presented the model in three steps. The first slide showed the publishing, broadcasting, and computing industries as separate rings; the second slide showed the rings beginning to overlap; and the third slide showed the rings overlapping almost completely (see Figure 1). The publishing, broadcasting, and computing industries were converging and would soon become one: Convergence 1.0 = Publishing + Broadcasting + Computing. Convergence has become shorthand for a series of arguments.…
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