Mark Gross, Keith Green
Information and communication technologies (ICT) extend a long line of emerging technologies that have reshaped our built environment and, consequently, society, over millennia. In antiquity, Roman arches afforded greater freedom of movement, physically and socially. In the Middle Ages, flying buttresses allowed light to magnificently penetrate once heavy walls. And in the Industrial Age, reinforced concrete, structural steel, and free-plan organizational systems accommodated mass gatherings of people at work and play. In our Information Age, ICT is increasingly embedded into the physical fabric of the built environment in order to intelligently control heating, air conditioning, and lighting, as well…
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