Stefanie Mueller, Bastian Kruck, Patrick Baudisch
Personal fabrication tools, such as 3D printers, milling machines, and laser cutters, allow users to create one-off physical objects. In the field of human-computer interaction, these tools are mainly used to prototype casings, mounts, and other parts for interactive prototypes. A key requirement of rapid prototyping is speed, as faster iteration allows for additional versions and thus for a better design within a given time frame . Unlike software interfaces, which may need only to be recompiled, physical objects require actual production—a generally much more time-consuming step. Additive fabrication methods, such as 3D printers, offer the most freedom in…
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