The introduction of the desktop computer and the graphical user interface was the single most important contribution to the field we now call interaction design in the 20th century. It was created at the Xerox PARC research lab in the mid-'70s, and had a clear mission: to make interaction with digital documents easier, in anticipation of the "paperless office" of the future. Today's desktop computer is very close to what the engineers at Xerox tried to create with the technology available to them at the time. For tasks like database processing, document creation, network management and so on, the…
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