The notion of tangible user interfaces (TUIs) was introduced by Hiroshi Ishii and Brygg Ullmer of the MIT Media Lab at the ACM CHI conference in 1997 . The fundamental idea is that users should be able to "grasp and manipulate bits in the center of users' attention by coupling the bits with everyday physical objects and architectural surfaces" . TUI has been highly influential in the HCI research community, and to date the 1997 paper alone has been cited almost 5,000 times. Special issues of prominent journals have been devoted to tangibles, and there is an annual ACM…
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