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XX.6 November + December 2013
Page: 15
Digital Citation

Two women who pioneered user-centered design


Authors:
Jonathan Grudin, Gayna Williams

Histories of HCI emphasize Vannevar Bush and the engineers and scientists who in the 1960s envisioned what computers would make possible: J.C.R. Licklider, Douglas Engelbart, Ted Nelson, Alan Kay, and Nicholas Negroponte. Their words and the prototypes of Engelbart and Ivan Sutherland have inspired countless researchers. In two conversations, Don Chaffin and Judy Olson suggested the field would benefit from a closer examination of the work of Lillian Gilbreth and Grace Hopper, whose relationships to HCI had been overlooked. They were right. Lillian Gilbreth, 1878–1972 First woman inducted into the National Academy of Engineering In 1915, Lillian Gilbreth received the…




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