With its third biannual conference, RTD 2017 continued to mix intimacy and ambition with lively, informal discussion of research through design, enabled by a focus on the artifacts that come about through research projects. The National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh hosted the program, which complemented the organizers’ ambition to see design outcomes set against the material archive. In addition to the sessions in which I took part, I joined other panelists in a wide-ranging discussion on what the future of research through design meant for them. One particularly productive topic concerned the articulation of research in commercial settings.
To keep our opening statements concise, panelists were asked for a single image. I broke the brief by showing multiple images, taking a spread from a book that will soon be published by Mattering Press depicting the pages of a workbook that was put together for ECDC (Energy and Co-Designing Communities; http://www.ecdc.ac.uk/), a three-year project funded by Research Councils UK. Our group at Goldsmith’s Interaction Research Studio (http://www.gold.ac.uk/interaction/) was one of seven research clusters looking at the effects of a government scheme in which the Department of Energy and Climate Change funded about 20 communities across the U.K. to undertake energy-demand-reduction measures. The research groups took a range of approaches in interpreting what these communities were doing. Ours was to design a technical platform, developing the studio’s methodology, which has been described as ludic, speculative, and inventive.
In the studio, we use workbooks as a method for synthesizing material generated during fieldwork. We had spent a fair chunk of time with different energy-reduction groups across the U.K., including tours of infrastructure such as wind turbines, photovoltaics, and ground-source heat pumps. We heard about the ambitions of these groups and about environmental predictions, the politics of delivering these projects, and the relationship between different constituencies in each setting. Workbooks allowed us to bring together documentation of these encounters and other kinds of material from reviews of literature and practice. Through the synthesis of disparate material into a workbook, as researchers we share and reflect on perspectives. This in turn supports the materialization of topics, and we begin to understand design options and possibilities. In this way, making and sharing workbooks is an internal process, supporting activity in the studio.
|Figure. Workbooks capture insights and ideas that emerged from the initial engagement, often leading to evocative proposals.|
My aim was to use the image of the workbook to bring to RTD an issue that I haven’t yet resolved: I had taken the workbook to a meeting with one of our demand-reduction groups. It was unusual for us to show a workbook to respondents, though given the extended timescales of our research in relation to the schedule of this group, I thought it would be interesting to take along a document showing our research activity. However, looking through the book together was a slightly odd situation, like taking an early draft of fiction to people who recognize themselves in the characters or dialogue. For example, a page titled “The Champions” depicting a rosette was a reflection on competition and reward as a recurring feature of sustainability programs. Elsewhere, “Futures Tourism” reimagined wind-turbine farms, with their associated planning issues, as a future tourist destination, represented here by electricity-pylon spotters. The situation was odd in several ways, partly tied to anxiety about assuming authorship of others’ accounts, partly due to the seemingly insubstantial way in which the images depicted deeply held beliefs (though they were brought about by anticipating the responses from these unplanned readers). Though I would argue, with conviction, for the rigor and earnestness of our research approaches, the depictions in workbooks necessarily reduce the richness of our data to support the accretion of detail into design elements.
So why did I hope a retelling of this awkward episode would be useful? While taking studio process into the settings on which they were based was somewhat uncomfortable, it was also productive. First and foremost, it supported me as a researcher in thinking through the tensions of treating the commitments of others speculatively. This episode also helped me consider how our practices have rhythms where the action of practice shifts, between letting others provide accounts of their situations and transformations of those accounts into artifacts that speak for others. And, I wonder, is there scope within our analytical accounts of practice to attend to these moments when our articulations come under pressure?
Tobie Kerridge is a lecturer and researcher based in the Department of Design at Goldsmiths, University of London. firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright held by author
The Digital Library is published by the Association for Computing Machinery. Copyright © 2017 ACM, Inc.