Table of Contents

VOLUME XXIX.2 March - April 2022

  • WELCOME
    • States of surveillance

      Kandrea Wade, Alex Taylor, Daniela Rosner, Mikael Wiberg

      You are what you eat" is a common expression linking eating habits to health. Adapting this for the Internet era, we might say, "You are what you click on." In short, the seemingly private and individual actions we take online generate digital traces, and these traces in turn are…

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  • Demo Hour
    • Elevate: A large-scale walkable pin-array display

      Seungwoo Je, Kongpyung Moon, Hyunseung Lim, Shan-Yuan Teng, Jas Brooks, Pedro Lopes, Andrea Bianchi

      Elevate: A large-scale walkable pin-array display

      Current head-mounted displays enable users to explore virtual worlds by simply walking through them (i.e., real-walking VR). This led researchers to create haptic displays that can also simulate different types of elevation shapes. However, existing shape-changing floors are limited by their tabletop scale and the coarse resolution of the…

    • Prototype of a force-feedback tool for mixed reality applications

      Ian Gonsher, Zhenhong Lei

      Prototype of a force-feedback tool for mixed reality applications

      This prototype demonstrates the viability of manipulating both physical and virtual objects with the same tool in order to maintain object permanence across both modes of interaction. Using oppositional force feedback, provided by a servo, and an augmented visual interface, provided by the user's smartphone, this tool simulates the…

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  • What are you reading?
    • What are you reading? Onur Arslan

      Onur Arslan

      What are you reading? Onur Arslan

      I am waiting for the next hearing in front of the courtroom door. A man approaches me, politely asking if I am a lawyer or a journalist. My answer is short: "Ph.D. researcher. I am working on how the creation of digital evidence constructs terrorism narratives in Turkey." Before…

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  • Blog@IX
    • We need to get rid of significance in A/B testing, seriously!

      Maximilian Speicher

      In my previous job, I was responsible for all A/B testing in an e-commerce department. We worked with an external partner and took care of the whole package—from generating hypotheses to developing the tests to providing a report of the results. Those reports were presented to a variety of…

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  • Exhibit X
    • Sleeping eyes

      Sojung Bahng

      Sleeping eyes

      I worked with South Korean media artist Sungeun Lee to create the interactive VR artwork Sleeping Eyes. We used VR as an artistic medium to explore Lee's symptoms of narcolepsy and provoke reflection on the boundary between dreams and reality. We applied nonlinear narrative and gamification techniques to enable…

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  • Columns
    • Resetting the expectation of surveillance

      Jonathan Bean

      Resetting the expectation of surveillance

      In an absentminded moment the other day, I zoomed in on Google Maps to look at the parking lot of the Ikea store in Phoenix, about two hours from my home in southern Arizona. Living in the midst of a pandemic in one of the states with the most…

    • Seeing like a state (of surveillance)

      Jaz Hee-jeong Choi, Roopa Vasudevan

      Seeing like a state (of surveillance)

      We met in Aarhus, Denmark, in the summer of 2019. Considering where we live physically—Roopa in Lenapehoking (Philadelphia) and Jaz in the Kulin Nation (Melbourne)—it was an odd place for us to meet. It was an odd time, too. In hindsight, it was like how we remember our last…

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  • Making/breaking
    • Designing unrest

      Tom Bieling, Frieder Bohaumilitzky, Anke Haarmann, Torben Körschkes

      Designing unrest

      The shaping of our world is an ongoing process of negotiation and dissent, a state of perpetual unrest. How do we—as designers, as a society—move in and through (spaces of) unrest? A starting point for this question is the project Metapolitisches Hüpfen (Metapolitical Bouncing; Figure 1) by Frieder Bohaumilitzky,…

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  • Forums
    • What the facebook files tell us about racial capitalism

      Sareeta Amrute

      What the facebook files tell us about racial capitalism

      On November 12, 2021, the public pension fund for the state employees of Ohio filed a class action lawsuit with the Securities and Exchange Commission alleging that they purchased Class A Facebook stock at artificially inflated prices. According to the suit, these inflated prices were the result of Facebook's…

    • Traversing the insider’s path toward equitable research practices for migrants

      Nana Kesewaa Dankwa

      Traversing the insider’s path toward equitable research practices for migrants

      The journey matters. To me, this means valuing the path, as a human being and as a researcher, as much as the goal or destination. In my research journey, I engage people with migrant backgrounds living in Germany, like myself. The goal is to design platforms that empower migrants.…

    • Data excellence for AI: Why should you care?

      Lora Aroyo, Matthew Lease, Praveen Paritosh, Mike Schaekermann

      Data excellence for AI: Why should you care?

      The efficacy of machine learning (ML) models depends on both algorithms and data. Training data defines what we want our models to learn, and testing data provides the means by which their empirical progress is measured. Benchmark datasets define the entire world within which models exist and operate, yet…

    • ‘Zombies for their profit’:Social networks in the age of surveillance capitalism

      Jana Fedtke, Mohammed Ibahrine, Yuting Wang, Bouziane Zaid

      ‘Zombies for their profit’:Social networks in the age of surveillance capitalism

      Social networks, search engines, and analytics through algorithms have gradually become a part of our digital existence. As people navigate the digital world in their work lives and private spheres, more and more data is collected, stored, and analyzed. This increasing datafication has become a concern with regard to…

    • Toward a worker-centered analysis in fighting disinformation: Global south perspectives

      Jonathan Corpus Ong

      Toward a worker-centered analysis in fighting disinformation: Global south perspectives

      In the Philippines, content moderators, otherwise known as "digital janitors," work tirelessly to scrub filth, gore, and lewd photos off our social media. The country is one of the biggest hubs of outsourced content moderation work, an outgrowth of its call center industry—the largest in the world [1]. Unlike…

    • All equation, no human: The myopia of AI models in low-resource areas

      Nithya Sambasivan

      All equation, no human: The myopia of AI models in low-resource areas

      AI research and practice today places novel mathematical algorithms—models—at center stage, celebrating new model architectures and state-of-the-art performance. Although algorithms are trained over datasets and input by human experts, the overt emphasis on model performance ignores these aspects. The model emphasis has led to criticism from within the community,…

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  • Space
    • MarginalizedAadhaar: India’s Aadhaar biometric ID and mass surveillance

      Subhashish Panigrahi

      MarginalizedAadhaar: India’s Aadhaar biometric ID and mass surveillance

      Aadhaar was established in 2009 as a national digital ID system to ensure the delivery of public welfare and essential services. The 12-digit Aadhaar number, intended to be unique to every resident, is created upon enrollment, which mandates the collection of biometric data (iris scan, fingerprint, and photograph) and…

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  • Dialogues
    • The current state of surveillance: How will society be affected by future advancements in tech?

      Janelle Mason

      The current state of surveillance: How will society be affected by future advancements in tech?

      During the pandemic, our dependence on technology has increased more than ever. We use technology to attend school, go to work, communicate with family and friends, move supplies and merchandise, streamline medical processes, and much more. Technology is used to bring a level of convenience to our everyday lives…

    • Toward everyday negotiation and resistance under data-driven surveillance

      Alex Lu

      Toward everyday negotiation and resistance under data-driven surveillance

      As sociologist David Lyon describes, we are now living in a "surveillance society" where surveillance has bled into every aspect of our daily activities, from macro-level Covid-19 contact tracing to micro-level personal health data self-tracking. More than ever, our ways of feeling, being, and living have been quantified, collected,…

    • From data to physical artifact: Challenges and opportunities for designing physical data artifacts

      Kim Sauvé, Steven Houben

      From data to physical artifact: Challenges and opportunities for designing physical data artifacts

      We are in the midst of a data revolution. Large amounts of data can be collected about ourselves and our environment. Modern technologies such as wearables, sensors, and crowdsourced tools are revolutionizing the way datasets can be accessed and used by larger audiences than ever. This availability of data…

    • Design for dementia: A call from the health sciences

      Clara Berridge, Anne Turner, Oleg Zaslavsky, Carolyn Parsey

      Design for dementia: A call from the health sciences

      We are four dementia researchers from different clinical corners of the health sciences (social work, public health, nursing, and neurology). We develop online interventions for older adults living with dementia and want to communicate to HCI researchers the need to address key questions of design for this population, made…

    • Digital dreams have become nightmares: UX for ethical technology use

      Ronald Baecker

      Digital dreams have become nightmares: UX for ethical technology use

      Digital technologies are essential for learning, health, politics, and commerce. We have innovative products and greater control over the universe. Dangerous physical labor is done by robots. Computational medicine lengthens our life span. And tech supports collaboration and community, essential during the pandemic. Ethical technology use has been expanded…

    • An industry in flux: Where does UX go from here?

      Craig MacDonald, Emma Rose, Cynthia Putnam

      An industry in flux: Where does UX go from here?

      Working in UX can sometimes feel like climbing a mountain in a snowstorm. Just getting started is a daunting task; with so many things to learn and so many ways to learn them, where does one even begin? Then, just when you think you've finally got a solid footing,…

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